(Marian Slephian-Wall Hanging “Opera II Trovatore”)
From the French “cloison” or “cell” (“partition”).
Cloisonné has an ancient history, with a technique that has not changed over the millennia. 1t is believed to have been in practice in Mesopotamia at the end of the third millennium BC; and certainly is evident on rings from Cyprus dating back to the 13th century BC. The technique travelled to China where it flourished during the Ming and Ch’ing dynasties (mid- 14th century AD onwards) and reached a high artistic point of exquisite delicacy in Japan in the 19th century.